Options After High School

Options After High School Graduation

When you leave high school, you have choices about where to go next.  Here's a general breakdown of the options:

  • Four Year Colleges/Universities, which provide students with a broad foundation in arts and sciences as they work toward a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.  Universities are generally larger institutions which are comprised of undergraduate colleges, graduate and professional schools -- and they usually provide a wider variety of course offerings in a myriad of major fields of study.
  • Two Year Community Colleges, which offer broad, comprehensive programs of instruction in occupational, technical and semi-professional training, in addition to providing the first and second year courses for students who plan to transfer to a four-year college/university. **Students may find this article (about the value of a two-year degree) interesting: http://time.com/money/3829131/two-year-college-degrees-payoff/. Anyone who begins at a community college and plans to finish their four-year degree should plan ahead using patrac.org, which shows the specific courses that will transfer to other colleges and universities.
  • Technical/Trade Schools, which are designed to offer training in a specific trade such as electricity, carpentry, cosmetology, business, drafting, or culinary arts.  Most programs take two years or less to complete and result in a certificate rather than a college degree.  Click here for a comprehensive  Technical School Directory
  • Military. Enlistment in the military gives individuals the chance to learn a trade, serve their country and earn money for college. Interested students should take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) at CYHS in the fall of their junior and/or senior year. Students headed toward college should also realize that there are several ways to combine their futures in the military and in college.  Learn more at this part of our website.
  • Apprenticeship Programs, which provide highly specialized instruction in occupations such as printing, carpentry, plumbing, masonry and electrical.  The apprentice receives training under the supervision of a master craftsman. SchoolCenter Picture
  • Employment. While opportunities exist in the community for jobs that require no education or training, most of these jobs offer little opportunity for advancement and relatively low pay over a career. Students are encouraged to work closely with their counselor to explore ALL career options, so that they will be prepared for a career that is fulfilling and profitable throughout their lifetime. For job search tips, click here.
  • Volunteer work. Consider checking out Americorps. Here is what can AmeriCorps NCCC offer you:

- Room, board, healthcare, clothing and equipment
- A living allowance of about $4,000
- Valuable skills to enhance your resume - such as leadership, and team building
- CPR, first aid, and disaster response training
- A robust alumni network to assist with school and job searches
- The opportunity to travel the country doing a variety of service projects
- The chance to focus on disaster response and recovery working with FEMA,  the American Red Cross and other agencies
- The satisfaction of helping others and making our country a better place
- The possibility of earning a Segal AmeriCorps Education Award of $5,500 to help pay for college

The AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC) offers a full-time, 10-month, team based service program full of unique experiences, benefits and the opportunity to impact the lives of others.  If you are interested go to 
www.americorps.gov for more information. Applications are accepted year round.

More on this topic from an expert...

Next Step After High School?
Some Alternatives to College

Copyright by Quintessential Careers. The original article can be found at:http://www.quintcareers.com/college_alternatives. Reprinted with permission.

by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D.

QuintCareers.com Founder Dr. Randall Hansen

As a college professor, I see the drive for most students to complete a college education. I'm not sure how many would be in college if not for the pressure and expectations from family members, and while that is good for some students , others obviously might be better off pursuing options other than college. The reality is that college is not for everyone -- nor is it truly needed for everyone -- and forcing teens to attend college only to have them flunk out is doing a disservice to them.   

A generation or two ago high-school graduates rarely went on to college, yet somehow through the years, college has almost become a rite of passage for teens to pass into adulthood and a good career. But teens do not need to att end college to become adults and they certainly do not need to attend to land a good career.

Education is critical; college is not. There are numerous careers -- in healthcare, technology, operations, transportation, and the building trades -- that do not require a four-year degree.  And as you advance in these careers, there is also nothing stopping you from pursing a college degree at a later age -- when it better suits you; some people are just not ready for college until a little later in life.

So, if you are not college-bound after high school, what are some of your alternatives?

Learn a Trade

Apprenticeships, at one time, were the only way for young people to get a foot in the door to their careers. If you have an interest in a particular trade, such as technology or construction, seek out jobs in the trade that will not only give you valuable experience but guide you toward advancement by helping you with the certifications or licenses you need to succeed. For example, one high-school graduate worked for a pool construction company for several years, learning every aspect of the business before earning her swimming pool contractors license and starting her own business. Another tool to learning a trade is to obtain your certification in that field. Learn more in this section of Quintessential Careers: Hot Fields in Which Certification May Boost Your Career. And find job leads here.

Get a Job

Nothing helps more with that transition to adulthood than holding down a full-time job. Your goal should be to move away from the companies that typically hire teens for part-time work to employers that can provide a future. Often larger employers have more opportunities, so start your search there. Also identify employers whose product or service interests you and whose culture you respect. For example, the person who started working for AT&T in the mailroom because he knew it would be a foot in the door, and now, years later, still with just a high school education , is a highly valued member of the company's corporate technology staff. Use our Job-Search 101 Tutorial for tools and strategies in finding a job.


While you are trying to find your place in the world, why not spend those first few years after high school making a difference? While you may be familiar with the Peace Corps, they actually prefer college graduates, so you might instead consider looking locally to make a difference or consider such national programs as Americorps, which offers 17-24 year-olds the chance to make a difference through a national network of hundreds of programs throughout the U.S., as well as the Student Conservation Association, which has conservation programs (jobs and internships) throughout the U.S. for adults 18 or older.


If all you can think about is getting out of your town and exploring some other part of the world, then traveling may be for you. Traveling to one or more foreign countries is a great way to experience other cultures, learn more about yourself, and equip yourself with cultural knowledge to apply in the global economy. If you have some money, you can find innovative and cheap ways to explore the world. If you don't have the money, look into student exchange programs, employment on cruise ships, or becoming an au pair or nanny for a family in another country. Go to Cool, Unusual, and Seasonal Jobs.

Attend Community College

A great way to ease into college and explore more about who you are and what you want to do in life is taking one or more classes at your local community (or technical) college. Classes are cheaper and admission much easier -- and many students work at least part-time to pay their way. You can either take a few classes, follow a certification track, or advance toward your associate's degree. Many community colleges have agreements with four-year colleges, so that if you decide college IS right for you, you can then transfer those credits. Read about one high school grad's plan in Johnny Goes to College: Part I -- Choosing a College

Join the Military

While not always a popular -- or safe choice -- joining the military is often a great way to learn more about yourself. Joining the military offers you a chance to serve your country, make a career in the service, and/or earn money toward a future college education . You'll also earn valuable work experience that can you can apply to civilian jobs once you get discharged. Read more here: Today's Military.

Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker's Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms.

Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He's often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall(at)quintcareers.com.

Take advantage of all the tools and resources in our Teenage Jobs, Careers, and College -- Including College and Career Choices, as well as in our Critical Issues and Resources for High School Students.